Different types of Football balls

Different types of Football balls

Everyone knows of football, young children from the age of five have been known to attempt kicking a ball. It’s a frenzy! It does not matter whether the ball is made of polythene or plastic but people will try and find a way of kicking it to the net.

Many people have wondered where the different types of balls used in football originated from or how they came in to being.


Origin of the football ball

Early historical sources indicated that people in ancient societies, like the Chinese, South Americans, Romans, and the Egyptians used a rounded ball made of stitched clothes, human head animal bladder, and even skulls.

  • The Greeks used to create a ball encased in linen which contained hairs inside as opposed to beads or seeds
  • The Egyptians created the football from seeds that were wrapped in clothing. They also used animal skins and bladders just to improve their bouncing.
  • The Aztec Indians from Central America resulted in making the football from the latex in rubberwood.
  • The Chinese made their football from animal skins.

During these medieval times, these balls were covered with leather to provide better shape and maintain the state of the ball in the playing fields.


The Middle Age Football balls

During this era, football had already become popular and more people became interested in the sport. Pig’s bladders were used to make the football in medieval Europe. The behavior of these balls in the field was largely determined by their shapes and sizes.

Due to the nature of these bladder balls, they became easily ruptured and more difficult to control in the fields that they had to be wrapped in leather to improve durability and shape.


The Beginning of Modern Day Football balls

Football became widespread so much so that in the 1800s it was professionally recognized. It now became imperative that the quality of the ball had to be improved.

In 1838 the first-ever round soccer ball was made by Charles Goodyear. He discovered the vulcanization method where rubber was treated to become more solid and durable. Soccer balls could now be made of rubber that would not deflate or become sticky when playing in hot conditions.


The official football balls shapes and sizes

It was not until the middle 1800s that rules on how a ball should look like were set. With the creation from Goodyear, balls could now be designed in the specified shape.

The English Football Association stated in 1872 that all balls should be spherical and within 27 to 28 inches in circumference. This is still the dimension of the current soccer ball used today in Football.


Types of balls in football

The typical football or soccer ball as called in some areas has 32 panels. 32 represents the number of 32 countries in Europe. The Telstar ball designed by Adidas has been widely used as the standard design for football.

  • Premium match soccer ball- These types of balls have been approved by FIFA, which means they have met all the requirements set by the governing body of football. It has been specifically designed to weather all climates and surfaces. They are the most expensive due to their great speed control and accuracy.
  • Match ball- These are high-performance range balls designed to fit all levels of play. They are water-resistant as their outer casing is made of leather or any approved synthetic.
  • Futsal ball- This ball has less bounce since the bladder is largely filled with foam. It is slightly smaller in size but still used in a soccer field. It’s conducive for playing on hard surfaces due to its weight.
  • Streetball- Normally designed in size 5 are made for durable surfaces. They are made from surface gripping materials to improve the control of the ball. They are less expensive compared to the match balls.
  • Indoor ball- these types of balls are specifically designed for indoor purposes, the ball will have less bounce back to allow control. It is made from suede-like material which helps to withstand the impact of rebound.
  • Beach Ball- This ball is similar to a training ball, however, it is made from softer materials with the outer casing consisting of synthetic material. Beach balls are water-resistant.
  • Promotional ball- Just as the name suggests, there are balls designed to promote a brand or an organizational event. They are not designed to be used in matches and are generally a size 1 or two.

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